One unusual feature of rail transport in Stroud in the 20th century was the 'Rail Motor', which ran between Chalford and Stonehouse.
In 1901, a Mr Nevins proposed building passenger tramways. Although this scheme came to nothing, the Great Western Railway was sufficiently worried by competition from buses, let alone trams, to look for a cheaper way of providing local passenger transport than a conventional train.
A report by J.F. Lean, a GWR official, in 1902 recommended using a 'rail-motor'. This was a single carriage which could carry 52 passengers. It had a steam engine compartment at one end and was staffed by a driver and a conductor who collected the fares.